9mm Ammo Penetration Test – FMJ vs JHP

9mm Penetration Test
Loading... 8935 view(s)
9mm Ammo Penetration Test – FMJ vs JHP

In this video ammunition review, our Ammunition Depot firearms expert Matt field-tests popular 9mm ammo types by comparing the penetration power of common everyday items and barrier materials.

From 115-grain Total Polymer Jacket, 124-grain Hornady FTX, and XTP – find out how layers of sheetrock, drywalls, and vehicle parts stack up against 9mm ammunition.

Which ammunition do you think will pack the most penetration power?


Looking for more information on 9mm ammo types?
We’ve got you covered! Check out our informative deep dive on FMJ vs JHP ammunition and more below.

What is FMJ Ammo?

A Full Metal Jacket (FMJ) projectile is a small-arms caliber with two distinct metal parts/types. First is the core, which is generally composed of lead. The second is the outer shell, which is usually made of copper or copper alloy and is referred to as "the jacket."

In addition to being extremely popular amongst new and experienced firearm owners, FMJ ammo is also popular among all the major manufacturers. Available in multiple calibers and dozens of variations, manufacturers have even created their own proprietary variations to enhance the projectile's performance.

Advantages of FMJ Ammo

Compared to other ammunition types, full metal jacket rounds are relatively inexpensive and are commonly used by firearm owners for range training and high-volume competitions. Additionally, many high-volume shooters do not have to sacrifice quality for quantity when utilizing FMJ rounds.

Finally, because FMJ rounds are not designed to expand on impact with softened targets, they can often pass-through targets with very little loss of kinetic energy. Common targets include metals, walls, and many household items.

Disadvantages of FMJ Ammo

Although an excellent ammunition type for range use, FMJ bullets are not typically tailored to maximize energy delivered on targets making them less-than-ideal for hunting. A Full metal jacket round is likely to pass straight through a larger animal (like deer) or get stuck inside should you hit a bone.

For this reason, most firearm owners prefer the design and capabilities of JHP or Jacketed Hollow Point ammunition for hunting and self-defense situations.

What is JHP Ammo?

JHP or Jacketed Hollow Point ammunition was developed to rapidly expand when hitting its target, ultimately increasing the effectiveness of the round and decreasing the chances of over-penetration.

JHP ammo is available in a wide variety of calibers, often separated by shape, design, or the company that manufactures them.

Similar to FMJ, the JHP also contains a functional jacket. Still, the two are vastly different regarding stopping power. JHP ammo has a nose cavity instead of a flat, round, or pointed tip.

Advantages of JHP Ammo

The most obvious advantage of jacketed hollow point ammunition is its stopping power. When you hit a live target with an HP round, it will cause significantly more damage than FMJ, which in most cases will cause the animal to drop immediately.

Many avid hunters consider Jacketed Hollow points to be considered a more humane ammunition type, and the same sediment is shared by firearm owners who conceal carry for personal and home defense.

Disadvantages of JHP Ammo

The most significant and most commonly discussed disadvantage of JHP rounds is the price, especially when compared to FMJ. However, when it comes to firearm owners who are searching for a high-quality and reliable personal defense round, few can match the JHP performance.


Thanks for checking out our latest 9mm Ammo Penetration Test video review and learning more about FMJ vs. JHP 9mm ammo types. Be sure to comment in the section below and let us know what you learned or what surprised you!

Whether you're searching for FMJ or JHP ammo, Ammunition Depot has you covered. Our online inventory of 9mm Ammo and other popular handgun or rifle calibers is available for fast shipping at competitive prices.


Comments
Leave your comment
Your email address will not be published
Leonard S. Constantine
Loading...
Talking point for 10mm?
David
Loading...
Be curious to see what Norma Shooting's frangible 9mm Luger 65gr round does in your dry-wall test. Would such a round be a good self defense round, to mitigate collateral damage vs typical JHP defense round?
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
Yes, frangible ammunition can be a viable defensive load when prioritizing collateral damage mitigation (hopefully the home invaders are not wearing armor, in which case frangible would be a poor choice). We may very well have a youtube short coming up to highlight this very topic! Thanks David
Jose A Carmona
Loading...
Excellent Information BUT… …Need fix the writed, because maybe can confusing in Rookies, is when you explain the advantages & disadvantages, in JHP information you write FMJ
Bernie A
Loading...
Very surprised by results shooting into a truck door, must be hitting some interior metal brackets ?
marvin carlisle
Loading...
Yea me too since I have shot thru 4x4 treated pine and also metal pump tanks and 55 gallon metal drums until they look like Swiss cheese with FMJ 9 mm
Wylie Gunter
Loading...
I’m curious about the car or truck door penetration from the inside out. Perhaps from a very close range to the door as in a car jacking scenario shooting from the drivers seat at someone outside the door. If a 9mm is ineffective for this, what caliber would it take?
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
It's very likely that 5.7x28 would penetrate but we would need to do more testing to know for sure!
Bill
Loading...
I believe a 38spcl would do it
john callaci
Loading...
Very informative. I am one of those with the land line and a 1911 and XDS. lol I'd like to see this test with 45ACP. thanks
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
Interesting idea, maybe we'll try this out with 45 ACP!
Dave
Loading...
Great video! Yes, surprised neither the FMJ or JHP made it through the inside of the truck door.
Tommy Brown
Loading...
I would like to know what the interior of the door reveals. If it were to hit an area with no metal, would it exit the door panel?
David James Dunworth
Loading...
Question - I purchased ammunition from you a couple months ago, and have never opened the box. What would the process be if I wanted to return it for other merchandise? I am not looking for a refund per se, but have decided not to keep it based on my shooting coach's recommendation. Can you email me the process, please? Thank you in advance, David James Dunworth
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
I will pass your info on to my customer service team, you can expect to hear from them soon! Thanks David.
David Armstrong
Loading...
Informative in the way you need it. Sheetrock surprised me. It's basically rice paper. Ten layers of spaced sheetrock and 8 layers of blanket later a round is found 15 feet past the blanket trap with pieces of blanket stuffing all around it. That is an actual factual about what would happen if I was shooting in a residential or office space. I would never have guessed that amount of penetration. But not a car door. No penetration all the way through a car door. More valuable information. You can use a car door as a shield. The rest of the video is just as informative and eye-opening. The vision of eating up five sheetrock double-sided walls and eight layers of a folded moving blanket will always be in my Brain. And I would never have guessed ...
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
Thanks, David! I'm very curious about what other car doors would resist, and if other makes and models would resist 9mm better or worse. There are far too many makes, models, and years of cars to test them all though.
Bill
Loading...
Very good video. Good information. Good job.
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
Thank you for that feedback Bill!
Jack
Loading...
It was a good video, showing 9 mm capabilities. If the 9 was as inept as the 40 & 45 crow speaks, it would not be as popular as it is.
Wayne
Loading...
The windshield test may be compromised by the shot straight at the windshield standing up vertical. What would the test shot be like if the shot angle at the glass as if it were in an actual vehicle at an angle. And the results would be if different?
Joseph Robitaille
Loading...
I learned, for the short term, that HP rounds are out of my financial reach so good olé FMJ’s will need to be good enough.
Ronald J Smith
Loading...
No surprise except for the cinder block. I thought it would have shattered it on the back side
Rod McKeithan
Loading...
Not surprised at all…9 will penetrate well maybe not a car door with two layers of mild steel. Even if you had hit the middle of the door there lies a reenforced federally mandated saftey bar in all vehicles since forever… might have been interesting to see several calibers just for “science” For home something larger and slower is the ticket… that flimsy sheet rock of today won’t stop much so to protect loved ones larger and slower.. by the way disparaging comments about calibers and guns and tech lost you points in my humble opinion.. as I have several.40 S&W 1911’s and a land line… keep it to point next video….
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
Thanks for the feedback Rod, we were just joking around about the caliber choices really.
william Miller
Loading...
while my 9mm Sig is my choice for the intruder... didnt know that a 45 ACP 1911 meant i was 'old-school'... whats that all about? :)
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
Just jokin around William, we love 45 ACP also.
BRUCE AUGUSTINE
Loading...
good video, short and to the point, without too much drama or bla,bla.
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
Thanks Bruce :)
Leo
Loading...
Not compared are rounds like the green tip .226 replacement rounds. Copper core (and tip) with a alloy jacket. On wind shields the round splits one part deflectingup and the other goind straight through. The round goes through hollow blok or brick.
Ammunition Depot
Loading...
Leo, I think perhaps you mean 5.56 Green Tip? These use a steel core. Yes, likely 5.56 Green Tip "855" ammo would likely defeat all these barriers. Although, it's also likely that regular 5.56 FMJ or even 223 Remington FMJ would defeat all these barriers.